Featured this month:
- Predatory stink bugs to the rescue
- Japanese beetle report
- Black rat snake nest
- Plants with milky sap
- Fungi galore
- Grazing strategy
Weather recap: July started very wet, then turned hot and steamy, tending towards dry by the end of the month. Between the morning of July 2 and the morning of July 3, we received 5.81″ of rain, an amount that would usually result in a real mess. Runoff was a problem during intense downpours, but overall the landscape soaked up the water remarkably quickly, a testament to just how dry June was and how thirsty the flora was. The temperature never broke 100ºF, but the heat index did repeatedly. We don’t remember ever going through so many soggy, icky, sweat-soaked changes of clothes as we did this July.
Quiz: Are the landscapes in the photos below overgrazed, well grazed, or undergrazed? And by what animal(s)? Answers at the end of the post.
Our diverse culinary garlic is now on sale for 2016! The harvest went smoothly due to cooperative weather conditions, and the crop looks really nice. All ~2,000 heads have been hanging to cure properly, and the first batch is ready for sale. You can find our display at World Harvest Foods on the south side of Columbia, MO; read more about each of our twelve varieties.
Please support and thank World Harvest for working with us to make this special garlic available.
Mentioned this month: a few flowers, desperate dryness, garlic galore, reptile reproduction, interesting insects, cup plant critters, and
fantastic &*#! foxes.
Left to right: Heartleaf Skullcap (Scutellaria ovata), Ohio horsement (Blephilia ciliata), and Wild Petunia (Ruellia humilis).
May is a busy month of planting, good birding, and the onset of active nasty biting things that cause most people at this latitude to stay indoors for the next three to four months.
Weather recap: May weather was generally quite pleasant: temperate with moderate moisture. Total rainfall was about 3.3 inches, spread out relatively evenly through the month, with a maximum daily total of 0.6″. The ground stayed moist but not soggy, generating great conditions for germinating both crop and weed seeds. Temperatures were moderate, with no excessive heat, though we did have a light frost on the morning of May 15. Fortunately, the forecasts warned us of a cold spell well in advance, so we held back on transplanting frost-sensitive crops until after that date.
May flowers! Some of these are native, some introduced, some wild, some cultivated, some edible, some not. We like all of these. Continue reading
We have two new stories out in magazines this month, both of which may be of interest to readers of this site.
In the June/July issue of Missouri Life magazine, Eric writes about the diverse activities of local and state Audubon Societies in Missouri. As avid birders, we welcomed the chance to learn more about what birding groups are doing throughout the state, and hopefully inspire readers to get involved in bird-watching and conservation. Interviewing representative from eleven different organizations was a time-consuming but fascinating process, and we hope readers enjoy the result. While you can read the story online, we’re sure a physical copy will do the accompanying photography more justice.
The map below is a draft Joanna developed to accompany the story, though the magazine chose not to purchase it. So we’re sharing it here:
In the June-July issue of Growing for Market magazine (only available through a paywall), we write about the Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE) program, which funds research supporting sustainable agriculture. SARE is a really neat program that draws heavily on farmer expertise to ensure that its research is relevant and practical, and in the story we explain how farmers can get involved by proposing a research project, serving as a grant reviewer, or exploring the decades of useful research contained in SARE’s database. If you’re not a GFM subscriber, why not become one and gain access to all its useful articles?
Overall, April was a glorious month; it usually is. The temperatures and precipitation were moderate and unproblematic most of the time. One very big exception was the night that dipped well below freezing; our porch thermometer read 21ºF prior to dawn. As a result, we lost most of our tree fruit crop.
These photos show Asian pear blossoms (left) and apple blossoms (right) that got killed by the freeze on the morning of April 9. The warm preceding weather meant that blossoming was ahead of a sensible schedule. We tried to provide some protection by wrapping trees or branches in row cover where practical, but this seems to have provided effectively no benefit. We might have considered spraying water for protection, but as we were teaching a long-ago scheduled birding class that morning, we couldn’t stick around until temperature rose above freezing, so our options were limited. Guess we’ll plant extra melons this year.
The following essay appeared in the April 2016 newsletter of the Columbia Audubon Society (The Chat), but we thought we’d repost it here as it deals directly with our struggles against abundant deer on this farm.
While deer are a natural part of many North American ecosystems, there is concern that some populations have grown beyond the carrying capacity of their environment. Studies using exclosure fences have documented more biodiversity and lusher growth in areas from which deer are restricted, and the reverse in areas where deer are abundant. While this has direct consequences on botanical diversity, it also has disturbing implications for birds which share this disturbed habitat. Al Cambronne wrote about this in his fascinating 2013 book Deerland:
Deer reduce the total density of plants in the understory, but they also alter species composition and diversity. Scientists don’t understand (the) indirect effects of overabundant deer as clearly as they do the more simple, direct ones . . . If the forest understory is gone completely, it stands to reason that ground-nesting birds will be more exposed to predators and the elements . . . As plants in the midstory die or graduate into the canopy, birds that nest and forage there will be homeless too.
Dramatic deer-exclosure study in Wisconsin; image courtesy of Dr. Thomas Rooney,
Wright State University.
March brought wacky weather, as March has been prone to do lately. We had a big early warm pulse followed by big temperature fluctuations featuring some cold nights, including one in the low 20s according to our porch thermometer. We saw our first ever peach blossom at Chert Hollow on March 18. In spite of trying to protect the still-small trees with row cover on cold nights, we don’t think these trees are going to be putting on any peaches in 2016. So enjoy the blossom photo in all its glory; that’s our peachy reward for the year.
The March rainfall total was a little under 2 inches, definitely below average for March, but for once it came in small doses and mostly had a chance to infiltrate into the soil instead of running off. Continue reading
February was warm and dry, with less than half an inch of precipitation and only dustings of snow. We had one decent cold spell near the beginning of the month, but February had more than its fair share of days that were warm enough to strip down to a t-shirt while working. In isolation, it is hard to complain about such a day, but collectively the unseasonable warmth is concerning. Agriculturally and ecologically, too much warmth too soon is just asking for trouble. We saw it in 2007 when early warmth was followed by the “Easter freeze” that destroyed fruit crops and set back forest leaf-out in a wide swath of the country’s midsection. We saw it in 2012 when a warm March was probably indirectly responsible for a terrible garlic crop here and across much of the Midwest. March of 2012 was also a preface to a miserably hot & dry summer, an experience we do not care to repeat.
Following 2015’s sabbatical, we will not be offering a CSA program in 2016 or the near future. After three years, we weren’t able to reach our desired CSA membership goals, despite offering a variety of unique benefits including share customization, home delivery, and an especially wide variety of produce and herbs. Given that we left the farmers market in 2011 (also after three years) because our sales were averaging well below production, this places us in a trap going forward: it seems that we can’t sell the volume of produce necessary for a full-time farm in this area, but the time and financial commitment to a farmers market or CSA doesn’t work without that volume. Continue reading