Featured this month:
- Spore producers
- Unhappy caterpillar
- Oh, deer
- Rose mallow
October was warm and rather dry. A few nights brought light frost, the first of which was the morning of October 13. These frosts did only the most minor damage to some flowers and tender leaves (such as those of cucurbits) in exposed locations, but most crops didn’t mind. It is very unusual for us to make it to the end of October without a killing frost; see this Tweet from NWS Kansas City for a nice chart of first freeze dates over time.October 13 brought frost (left, frost on Gift Zinnia), as did October 21 (right, frost on kale).Cover crops have had plenty of time to grow and thrive. The sunn hemp (tall plant with yellow flowers in the background) is frost-sensitive, but is still going strong. The oats and peas in the foreground are untouched, as it takes deeper cold to kill them.
Featured this month:
- Biodiversity in the sweet potato patch
- Unhappy caterpillars, parts 1 & 2
- It might be a bad day to free-range the chickens when…
- Fall flowers
September was warm with sufficient moisture. Really not too much to complain about, other than some much-above-normal temperatures.
Biodiversity in the sweet potato patch
August typically juxtaposes garden overabundance with disheartening losses to pests. Likewise, August typically combines outrageously good food with utterly miserable weather. In these ways, August 2016 was pretty typical.
Featured this month:
- August food
- Attack of the flea beetles
- Shade cloth pitfalls
- March of the armyworms
- The woodpeckers strike again
- 2016 cash crops
- Cup plants in flower
Weather recap: Muggy was the word of the month. Temperatures never broke 100ºF, but the heat index sure did. Precipitation whiplash continued. The month got off to a start with a more-than-we-needed downpour, but irrigation was back in the picture by mid-month. Then it went back to being on the wet side, with rain falling on 6 of the last 8 days of the month.
Quiz: What do these plants have in common? Answer below the break.
Featured this month:
- Predatory stink bugs to the rescue
- Japanese beetle report
- Black rat snake nest
- Plants with milky sap
- Fungi galore
- Grazing strategy
Weather recap: July started very wet, then turned hot and steamy, tending towards dry by the end of the month. Between the morning of July 2 and the morning of July 3, we received 5.81″ of rain, an amount that would usually result in a real mess. Runoff was a problem during intense downpours, but overall the landscape soaked up the water remarkably quickly, a testament to just how dry June was and how thirsty the flora was. The temperature never broke 100ºF, but the heat index did repeatedly. We don’t remember ever going through so many soggy, icky, sweat-soaked changes of clothes as we did this July.
Quiz: Are the landscapes in the photos below overgrazed, well grazed, or undergrazed? And by what animal(s)? Answers at the end of the post.
Our diverse culinary garlic is now on sale for 2016! The harvest went smoothly due to cooperative weather conditions, and the crop looks really nice. All ~2,000 heads have been hanging to cure properly, and the first batch is ready for sale. You can find our display at World Harvest Foods on the south side of Columbia, MO; read more about each of our twelve varieties.
Please support and thank World Harvest for working with us to make this special garlic available.
Mentioned this month: a few flowers, desperate dryness, garlic galore, reptile reproduction, interesting insects, cup plant critters, and
fantastic &*#! foxes.
Left to right: Heartleaf Skullcap (Scutellaria ovata), Ohio horsement (Blephilia ciliata), and Wild Petunia (Ruellia humilis).
May is a busy month of planting, good birding, and the onset of active nasty biting things that cause most people at this latitude to stay indoors for the next three to four months.
Weather recap: May weather was generally quite pleasant: temperate with moderate moisture. Total rainfall was about 3.3 inches, spread out relatively evenly through the month, with a maximum daily total of 0.6″. The ground stayed moist but not soggy, generating great conditions for germinating both crop and weed seeds. Temperatures were moderate, with no excessive heat, though we did have a light frost on the morning of May 15. Fortunately, the forecasts warned us of a cold spell well in advance, so we held back on transplanting frost-sensitive crops until after that date.
May flowers! Some of these are native, some introduced, some wild, some cultivated, some edible, some not. We like all of these. Continue reading
We have two new stories out in magazines this month, both of which may be of interest to readers of this site.
In the June/July issue of Missouri Life magazine, Eric writes about the diverse activities of local and state Audubon Societies in Missouri. As avid birders, we welcomed the chance to learn more about what birding groups are doing throughout the state, and hopefully inspire readers to get involved in bird-watching and conservation. Interviewing representative from eleven different organizations was a time-consuming but fascinating process, and we hope readers enjoy the result. While you can read the story online, we’re sure a physical copy will do the accompanying photography more justice.
The map below is a draft Joanna developed to accompany the story, though the magazine chose not to purchase it. So we’re sharing it here:
In the June-July issue of Growing for Market magazine (only available through a paywall), we write about the Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE) program, which funds research supporting sustainable agriculture. SARE is a really neat program that draws heavily on farmer expertise to ensure that its research is relevant and practical, and in the story we explain how farmers can get involved by proposing a research project, serving as a grant reviewer, or exploring the decades of useful research contained in SARE’s database. If you’re not a GFM subscriber, why not become one and gain access to all its useful articles?
Overall, April was a glorious month; it usually is. The temperatures and precipitation were moderate and unproblematic most of the time. One very big exception was the night that dipped well below freezing; our porch thermometer read 21ºF prior to dawn. As a result, we lost most of our tree fruit crop.
These photos show Asian pear blossoms (left) and apple blossoms (right) that got killed by the freeze on the morning of April 9. The warm preceding weather meant that blossoming was ahead of a sensible schedule. We tried to provide some protection by wrapping trees or branches in row cover where practical, but this seems to have provided effectively no benefit. We might have considered spraying water for protection, but as we were teaching a long-ago scheduled birding class that morning, we couldn’t stick around until temperature rose above freezing, so our options were limited. Guess we’ll plant extra melons this year.
The following essay appeared in the April 2016 newsletter of the Columbia Audubon Society (The Chat), but we thought we’d repost it here as it deals directly with our struggles against abundant deer on this farm.
While deer are a natural part of many North American ecosystems, there is concern that some populations have grown beyond the carrying capacity of their environment. Studies using exclosure fences have documented more biodiversity and lusher growth in areas from which deer are restricted, and the reverse in areas where deer are abundant. While this has direct consequences on botanical diversity, it also has disturbing implications for birds which share this disturbed habitat. Al Cambronne wrote about this in his fascinating 2013 book Deerland:
Deer reduce the total density of plants in the understory, but they also alter species composition and diversity. Scientists don’t understand (the) indirect effects of overabundant deer as clearly as they do the more simple, direct ones . . . If the forest understory is gone completely, it stands to reason that ground-nesting birds will be more exposed to predators and the elements . . . As plants in the midstory die or graduate into the canopy, birds that nest and forage there will be homeless too.
Dramatic deer-exclosure study in Wisconsin; image courtesy of Dr. Thomas Rooney,
Wright State University.